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Trading vs. investing in the Share market: Understanding the Difference

When it comes to investing in the share market, there are two main approaches: trading and investing. While both involve buying and selling shares, there are significant differences between the two approaches. In this article, we will explore the differences between trading and investing in the share market.

What is trading?

Trading involves buying and selling shares frequently, usually on a daily basis. Traders aim to profit from short-term fluctuations in the share price. They use technical analysis, such as chart patterns and indicators, to identify trends in the market and make trading decisions based on this analysis in demat.

Traders usually hold shares for a few days or weeks and aim to make a profit from the difference between the buying and selling price. They may use leverage, which means borrowing money to buy shares, to increase their potential profits. However, this also increases their risk of loss.

What is investing?

Investing, on the other hand, involves buying and holding shares for the long term. Investors aim to profit from the growth of the company over time. Fundamental analysis, such as analyzing financial statements and company news, can help identify companies with strong demat growth potential.

Investors usually hold shares for several years or even decades and aim to benefit from the compounding effect of returns over time. They do not usually use leverage, as their focus is on the long-term growth of the company, rather than short-term profits.

Differences between trading and investing


The main difference between trading and investing is the timeframe. Trading involves the short-term buying and selling of shares, while investing involves the long-term holding of shares using a demat.


Trading involves using technical analysis to identify short-term trends in the market, while investing involves using fundamental analysis to identify companies with strong growth potential.


Trading is generally considered riskier than investing. Traders use leverage to increase their potential profits, but this also increases their risk of losses. Investors, on the other hand, focus on the long-term growth of the company and are willing to ride out short-term market fluctuations with a demat.


Trading is usually more expensive than investing. Traders need to pay brokerage fees and may also incur financing costs if they use leverage. Investors, on the other hand, usually pay lower brokerage fees and do not need to incur financing costs.


Trading may result in higher taxes than investing. Traders need to pay tax on their profits, which are considered income, while investors may only need to pay capital gains tax when they sell their shares on a demat.

Which approach is right for you?

The choice between trading and investing depends on your individual goals, risk tolerance, and investment experience. If you are looking for short-term profits and are willing to take on more risk, trading may be the right approach for you. However, if you are looking for long-term growth and are willing to ride out short-term market fluctuations, investing may be the better approach.


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